AKC BREED STANDARD FORMAT (Download PDF here)
II. General Appearance.
The Russian Salon Dog is toy dog with a long flowing coat. The Russian Salon Dog is a small dog that is proportionally and firmly built. This breed is of elegant and refined bone structure but must also be well muscled and of sufficient substance. The skull of the Russian Salon Dog is moderately round, muzzle is short and the ears are carried erect. The color of this breed is predominantly red.
II. Size, Proportion, Substance.
Size– Ideally, height at the withers is 7 to 11 inches. Ideal weight for a mature dog is 4 to 8 pounds.
- Proportion – Length between withers and the root of the tail is slightly longer than height at the withers. The Russian Salon Dog must never be so high stationed as to appear leggy nor so low stationed to appear squat.
- Substance– Regardless of the size, the Russian Salon Dog is always compact, solid, carries good weight, substance and muscling
- Head– Round and not to wide. The head is in balance with the overall size of the dog.
- Expression– Warm, sweet, friendly and trusting. An overall well balanced and pleasant expression.
- Eyes– The eyes are oval in shape and medium in size. They are not to be prominent. They are set well apart and are placed to look forward. The eyes are dark and sparkle with expression. The eyelids are dark in color but may also be harmonizing with the color of the coat.
- Ears– The ears are small and of medium thickness. They are V-shaped and carried erect. They are set high on the head with the hair trimmed short of the tips.
- Skull– Rounded but not too wide. The skull should feel very smooth and it is domed.
- Stop– There is a definite pronounced and deep stop.
- Muzzle– Length of the muzzle is approximately 1/3 of the total length of the head. There should be good cushioning under the eyes. It is to moderately taper towards the nose. The muzzle is set is approximately straight and level with the lower eyelids. The muzzle is to have no wrinkles or folds. Front of the muzzle has a well developed under the jaw that is medium in width.
- Planes– (Muzzle and Skull)
- Nose– The nose is small and rounded in appearance. Preferably black in color, however, insignificantly lighter nose of brown or grey is allowed
- Lips– Color is black. The lips are to be tight, close fitting and not too fine. While undesirable, it is acceptable to have significant lightening of the black pigment. There is to be solid pigmentation with no breaks in color.
- Bite– The preferred bite is a scissor bite. A level bite is also acceptable. While not desired a slight undershot bite is not to be to penalized.
- Teeth– The complete bite with 6 incisors in both the upper and lower jaw is desirable. However, a missing tooth should not be to severely penalized. All 4 canines are to be in place. It is not acceptable to have the teeth showing when the mouth is closed.
IV. Neck, Topline, and Body
- Neck– Long and flowing smoothly into the shoulders. The carriage of the dog is high and proud. There is a moderate arch to the neck. The length of the neck is 1/3 the length of the body. The throat has neither dewlap nor folds. The length of the neck is approximately 1/3 of the length of the body.
- Topline- Level, entire and uninterrupted, forming a fine and flawless line. The topline is level.
The distance between the withers and the croup should not be long.
- Body– The body is compact. The body is slightly longer than tall. The body is to be sturdy and carry substance. The body should not be excessively elongated.
- Chest– Well developed and oval in shape. The chest is deep but should not extend past the elbows. There is to be a sufficient tuck up without loose skin.
- Underline– The belly is sufficiently tucked up with thin and not loose skin.
- Back- Straight, firm and fairly muscled.
- Loin– Compact, slightly pronounced, moderately wide and fairly muscled.
- Croup– Wide, rounded and long with a slight incline towards the base of the tail. The points of the buttocks are well defined.
The points of the buttock are well defined.
- Tail– Set oh high or moderately high, heavily plumed and sickle in shape. When the dog is moving or stands free the tail may be carried over the topline. The tail can be in repose and carried below the topline when the dog is moving. Docking is allowed and at least 2/3 of the tail must be left. A natural undocked tail may be curved.
- Shoulders- Well angulated, well laid back, well laid in, fitting smoothly into the body.
- Shoulder Blades-
- Point of Shoulder-
- Upper Arm-
- Legs- Straight, fine-boned, muscular, set nicely apart and under the chest with elbows set close to the body
- Pasterns- strong and perpendicular.
Fore and hind feet: Oval in shape, not large. The toes are rather tight.
The pigmentation of nails and pads is dark or corresponds to the color of coat, or flesh-colored if there is white spotting in the coat color.
- Feet- not large and oval in shape, point straight ahead.
- Angulation- Angulation Of hindquarters should be in balance with forequarters.
- Legs- muscular and straight when viewed from the rear with a moderate bend in the stifle, not close set but in line with the forequarters.
- Upper Thigh-
- Second Thigh-
- Hock Joint-
- Hocks- Well let down and developed, perpendicular
- Feet- Not large and oval in shape, point straight ahead.
Coat- In natural condition, the coat is as long as possible, straight or almost straight, evenly covers the whole body, head, and legs. The coat is parting along the spine and hanging down each side of the body. Rather soft, glossy, its volume is moderate, with a small amount of undercoat, hiding natural outlines of the profile. Overall grooming or clipping is needed for shows (see the comments below).
Color- Solid. The red color range is preferred (solid red, cognac, light red, wheaten, golden, fawn). Cream. Clear, intense and even colors are preferred. There can be a darker-colored mask on the muzzle.No preference should be given to the specimen with and without a mask when judging in the show ring. Dark hairs may be present on the tail. The presence of single hairs lighter or darker than the main color on the body is permissible but not sought after. The sable color when the ends of the outer coat have some darker shading is allowed but not encouraged. Young dogs until the age of 1.5 years may have darker hairs than adults. The pigmentation of hair may be darker closer to the roots.
Gait- The Russian Salon Dog moves straight and must be shown this owns natural pace. The movement should be smooth. The movement should be effortless with good front reach and equally strong rear drive. The topline remains level when moving with a naturally high head carriage. The tail carried up in a gentle curve over the back.
Temperament- The main purpose of the Salon Russian Dog is to be a companion and house pet. The Russian Salon Dog must be social towards all. It should be happy, playful and even-tempered. The Russian Salon Dog is also affectionate.